7 Steps How to Install Solar Panel: Step-by-Step Guide with Images & Video

Let us talk about how to install solar panels. You can use the services of an EPC installer or can do-it-yourself. Given below is the solar installation guide for an off grid solar system which is simple and easy. A prospective solar buyer can read this blog and understand how to install solar panels on his own at his home. We have already discussed about 1 kW rooftop solar system installation.

Here is the simple steps to install solar panels

Step – 1: Solar Panel Installation Made Easy

Step – 2: Assembly of Solar Panels

Step – 3: Electrical Wiring

Step – 4: Connection between Solar Panel and Solar Inverter

Step – 5: Connection between Solar Inverter and Solar Battery

Step – 6: Connection between Solar Inverter and Grid

Step – 7: Start Solar Inverter through Solar Panel & Grid

Step – 8: See Solar Panel Installation Video

Step – 1: Solar Panel Installation Made Easy

Which direction should be the solar panel face?

 

The mounting structure provides the base for the entire solar system so make sure it is sturdy and properly fastened to the rooftops of your house or commercial establishment. A typical mounting structure is made up of aluminium. The performance of the solar panels depends upon the direction in which these panels are placed. The best direction to face solar panels is south, since here they receive the maximum sunlight. East and West directions also work well. North is the only direction that we should not want to put our panels on. Since India lies in Northern Hemisphere, south direction works best here.

  

mounting structure for solar panel

Rooftop Solar Mounting Structure is used to fix solar panel with it. You can fix both monocrystalline and polycrystalline panel with it. This is ready to use structure of 1 kw, offered by loomsolar.com. You can connect 4 panel of 270 watt.

 

In Which angle should you install solar panels?

 

The Solar panel tilt angle (the angle between the horizontal ground and the solar module) should be decided according to the latitude of your location anywhere in the world. It is generally believed that the modules placed at a tilt angle equivalent to the latitude of the place, would generate the maximum energy output. You can also use a solar tracker to increase the conversion efficiency.

 

Here are the latitudes of leading cities in India -

 

States –

 

Zone -1: J&K, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand – 30-360

Zone – 2: Rajasthan, UP, Delhi, Haryana, Bihar, North EASTERN STATES – 24-300

Zone – 3: Gujarat, MP, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Orissa – 18-240

Zone – 4: Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, AP, Telengana, Kerala – 12-180

Step – 2: Assemble Solar Panels

Once the solar structure is fixed accurately, we will connect it with solar modules. We should ensure that all nuts and bolts of solar modules are fixed with solar structure so that it is properly secured and lasts long.

 

 rooftop solar panel installation in delhi ncr, india

 

Step-3: Electrical Wiring

MC4 connectors are used to connect solar panels. These are universal connectors and can be connected with any type of solar panels. The solar array wiring becomes simpler and faster using MC4 connectors. 

 

 solar panel wire connection with mc4 connectors

 

Few modern solar modules come with wire leads that have MC4 connectors on the ends, else they have a built-in junction box at the back with wires jotting out. In a series connection you will have to connect the positive wire from one module to the negative wire of another module. In a parallel connection, you connect the positive to positive and negative to negative leads. A parallel connection maintains the voltage of each panel while a series connection increases the voltage in order to match it with the battery bank.

Step-4: Connection between Solar Panel and Solar Inverter

 

In the picture given below, the backside of an inverter is shown where solar panel wire is connected. Connect the positive wire from the solar panel with the positive inverter terminal and the negative wire with negative terminal of the inverter. 

 

 Connection between Solar Panel and Solar Inverter

 

There are other connections too like battery wire connection and output wire connection with the inverter. In all, Solar panel, Solar Battery and Grid input are connected with the solar inverter to produce electricity. The output of a series string of solar modules is connected to the input of the inverter. Make sure the inverter is turned off while the connections are being done.

Step-5: Connection between Solar Inverter and Solar Battery

In an off grid solar system, Battery is mandatory where it is used to store power backup. This battery is connected with solar inverter to recharge it with solar panel and grid. The positive terminal of the battery is connected with the positive of the inverter and vice versa.

 

Connection between Solar Inverter and Solar Battery

Step-6: Connection between Solar Inverter and Grid

In order to connect the inverter to the grid simply plug it in in the main power switch board, so that it gets power from the grid. The output wire is also connected with board that is supplying electricity in home. 

 

Connection between Solar Inverter and Grid

 

In order to calculate the excess energy generated from the solar system we need to install a metering device. We need to connect the positive wire from the metering device with the line terminal and the negative wire to the neutral terminal of the inverter.

 

Step-7: Start Solar Inverter through Solar Panel & Grid

After all the connections are done, we switch on the mains. There is a digital display which shows the total solar unit generated during the day, what is supply volt and current (amp) from solar panel etc. In the picture below is shown the front side of Microtek solar inverter.

 

Start Solar Inverter through Solar Panel & Grid

Step – 8: See Solar Panel Installation Video

 

 

Avoid Common Mistakes People Make When Installing Solar

 

Solar panels effectively produce electricity for a period of 25 years from the day of installation. However, solar panels should be installed properly to churn out the benefits in the long run.

 

There are 5 major common mistakes generally Solar Installers happen.

 

  1. Solar panel mounting structure should be made of GIA. The normal iron stand will not have a longer life as they are not rust-proof. So, we recommend to use GIA Stand for solar panel installation.
  2. Proper Fixing of Solar Panels is important. Solar panels laid and fixed on mounting structure so that it doesn’t tilt or sway. Solar panel mounting structure should be grounded with civil work; general civil work involves 4*4 inch foundation work. Fasteners, preferably top brand like Anchor should be used for structure fastening.
  3. Wiring of solar panel with MC4 Connector. MC4 connectors should be used for connecting solar panels, instead of connecting solar panels with tapes. MC4 connectors can be joined together manually, however, they will not unjoin unless a tool is applied, hence it ensures circuit does not breakup.
  4. 30Degree Installation of solar panels. Solar panels should be installed always at 30 degree angle to extract maximum efficiency. Angle of installation results in maximum power generation. Also, solar panels should be installing facing south-west direction.
  5. 3 Earthing stands for solar systems. Earthing protects your solar system, protects against overload, directs excess electricity to ground, voltage is stabilised and prevents mishaps 

 Also Read in Hindi: सिर्फ 12 स्टेप्स जानकर, आप भी कर सकते है सोलर इनस्टॉल?

How to install solar panelInstall solar panelsInstall solar panels and inverterInstall solar panels on your homeInstall solar panels on your roofInstall solar panels step by stepSolar installation processSolar panel installation guideSolar panel installation scheduledSolar panel installation video

77 comments

SATISH PANDIT

SATISH PANDIT

I have 1hp water pump,3 ceiling fan,1 stand fan,190L freeze,1 usha wall fan,10 cfl of 20w each. Suggest me for the best mono perc solar plates ,battery and inverter for that.
Plus prices for that seperately.

Nippon Energy

Nippon Energy

I am glad to learn this valuable information

Kannaiyan

Kannaiyan

i have 1 normal fridges running 1.5 o general 5 star inverter ac around 16 hrs daily
3 normal Fan + 10 10watts Led Bulbs
1.5 HP submersible pump
1 geezer (2000W)
2 TV LED (65 inch sony and 43 inch sony)
1 LG washing machine

i HAVE ELECTRICITY BILL approx 9000 per 2months once….
approx 1000 to 1200 units consumed every month…

please tell me the requirement of PANELS and cost for that, and also if there is any government subsidy…

i have a good Rooftop with proper sunlight (no shadow) …

9443989621

please guide..

Vijay

Vijay

I have a 1.5ton ac 10 led bulb 4 fans a refridgerator what is the requirements of on grid solar pannel and its cost.

Siva

Siva

Already I have 800VA home inverter and 12V,150 AH tubular battery can I install solar panel for 450 watts power with existing inverter what are the requirements please.

NEERAJ SHARMA

NEERAJ SHARMA

I Have a BAKERY…
i have 3 deep freezers + 3 normal fridges (total approx 2 KVA ) running 24×7
2 × 1.5 ton AC
6 Fan + 10 Bulbs (approx 25 W each)
1.5 HP motor pump
1 geezer (3000W)
2 TV LED
1 washing machine

i HAVE ELECTRICITY BILL approx 12000 per month….
approx 1500 units consumed every month…

please tell me the requirement of PANELS and cost for that, and also if there is any government subsidy…

i have a good Rooftop with proper sunlight (no shadow) …

9560121211

please guide..

Sandeep

Sandeep

Which solar inverter kit suitable for me for 2bhk house and approximately price

Shyam Adodariya

Shyam Adodariya

The link of this page is placed at wrong place, when I click a text which says " 6 steps to find best solar panels" it brings me to the installation process.

Narayan Galpalwar

Narayan Galpalwar

Plant

venkat

venkat

I have livguard 220ah ordinary tubular Inverter battery, and microtek 1125va inverter, based on that please gave suggestions for to setup solar panels for to charge this battery without any issue and what are all other accessories required with this one,Note: I have this one is not a solar battery,
May i know, most of them telling, Why we cannot use ordinary inverter battery for solar backup, thanks

sivakumar

sivakumar

hi im siva here ,froam malaysia,want to install solar panel to generate electricity at home,i have freezer,5 fans washing machune tv and 3 aircond,wht are the things i should buy,kindly advise me.waiting for your mail thank you.

JAYARAM.R

JAYARAM.R

I had already installed 8 polycrystalline solar panels and supplying that electricity to the grid ( On grid ). But as of that I had installed 2 No : s of 150 AH batteries for UPS and because of that 2 units are eaten by those invertor batteries from the total production of 5-6 units.
So now I want to install 2 Monocrystalline panels of 350 Watts directly to the UPS batteries to save the energy generated from other 8 panels. Kinldy send me the prices of 2 No:s of Monocrystalline panels of 350 Watts along with the price of MPPT to control that invertor urgently.And also send me the details of net cost charged to those panels including the transportation cost to my state of KERALA.

Altamash Khan

Altamash Khan

Hi i want to install solar panel for my home
with 1 AC 2 ton,
5 fan,
2 Freezer,
and some led bulbs,
please send me quotation thanks.

Raj Kumar Arora

Raj Kumar Arora

Hi,
I have no roof facility, Is there is a way to install solar system there.
If yes then please tell me with 2 AC, 4 Fan, 4 Tube light and one TV How many
KW I have suppose to use.

Bineesh

Bineesh

How many panel required for 150ah battery with 1kva inverter

SunHills Solar

SunHills Solar

Want To install solar roof top system Anywhere in INDIA mail us for Quotation on SunHillssolar@gmail.com

Ashish

Ashish

Req. Solar system for 5 ac ,5 fans and 10 lights.

Shyama kant Singh

Shyama kant Singh

Want a installation at Kahalgaon,Bihar,India of Solar panels

Alok Thakur

Alok Thakur

For operation of
1 AC 2 ton
5 fan
1 refrigerator
1kw Summer cible pup
And 1 lcd TV
How much watt solar panal required. And how much I have to pay for this

MUKUND

MUKUND

Requirements is in bulk, interested in Dealership.
sgssolapur@gmail.com
9766596901

Ajay verma

Ajay verma

Thanks for sharing the complete information on the installation of solar panels along with solar inverter with the pictures. we really appreciate you for bringing this informative article to us with this post individuals will come to know about how easy it is to install the solar panels and obtain energy. Hope this will enhance solar energy to reach those untouched areas where there is no power, it will be a new source to enlighten the bulbs.

Prakash Gajanan Vaidya

Prakash Gajanan Vaidya

I am having roof of the size 25ft by 30ft . Roof is of coated sheets. Pls suggest.

Saiju

Saiju

1 AC , 4 fan , 4 tube light and one TV tell me how many kw I suppose to use
SANJEET

SANJEET

Hi,please guide connection between 2 number of 180 pannel by mc4 connector and mppt connection to 1number of 12 volt battery.

imran ahmad

imran ahmad

please give the axact cost of installing solar panel oin my house i have 5 led blub fridge and 1.5 tonne ac and 5 fan mixy grinder and electric water cooler

Mohan john

Mohan john

I want to install 2 k.v. solar syatem in my house as off grid system.At present using inverter ,1.50 k.v. battery.Please advise which system is more useful for reducing K.S.E.B.meter charges at the earliest.More o er please send the phone number of the person contact.My pn code is 680005.

Patil Dk

Patil Dk

I want solar how many watt buy below item conduct.10 led .five fan. Tv. Mixer. 2hp sumersible pump.

Anil Karanje

Anil Karanje

I want to run deep freeze (500litter) so please guide me which capacities solar panels and other estument can I use ?
A.Subramanian

A.Subramanian

can i connect a half HP water pump to 1kva solar inverter?

Sairam Damodaran

Sairam Damodaran

I want to install solar panel for my house. I have 5 led bulbs of 15 watt. , 4 fans, 1.5 ton ac. Mixi and grinder. Suggest me how watt pannel needed with complete installation .What will be the cost

Cm Purohit

Cm Purohit

I want solar plant. 2hp water pump and 20 led bulb and. 5 fan. 1 tv

Deepak SP

Deepak SP

Truly Nice with full patience and real informative.. ..

Nayan Deka

Nayan Deka

Hi, I want to use direct AC power which has been converted by the inverter from DC to AC without any battery. Does Loom solar also have direct DC to AC inverter without any battery charging? My requirement is for 25 KW to 50 KW . Currently the inverter available in Market are on grid inverters in which we cannot use the AC power from the inverter where there is no grid availability. If you have , then can you mail me the price per KW?

Thanks
Nayan

Gordhan Soni

Gordhan Soni

Want to stall 8 kw on grid roof top solar plant

Bipul mondal

Bipul mondal

I am bipul from Kolkata sonarpur

SUNIL KUMAR GURU

SUNIL KUMAR GURU

I have a 12v 180 Ah battery and microtech invited. Has Much solar panel requested .Can l half hpwater mother used

Kumar

Kumar

I am having 320wp solar module 4 number
How to connect for 1kw solar hybrid bonverter

Mukeshkumar Thakkar

Mukeshkumar Thakkar

So nice information about the installation of solar Rooftop plan.

Prakash Patel

Prakash Patel

Any one intersted sollar electronic pane now contact me +91-9099228906

Ramesh Maurya

Ramesh Maurya

I want install 1kw solar on my roof pin code is 276123

Ramesh Maurya

Ramesh Maurya

I want install 1kw solar on my roof pin code is 276123

Arun

Arun

I want to know what type of bolts are used in this installation.

M K Borah

M K Borah

What is the solar plate setting angle in Assam and a calculation of solar panel for 150 amh battery. Thanks

Pawan

Pawan

I have 5+2 kw electric connection and monthly bill is about 10000 pm. I want to install solar electric system. Pl advice with all material and labour cost at Firozabad (PIN 283203) Roof area is approx 800 sw feet. My mobile no is 9412265560

MANJU

MANJU

We would like to install solar panel at our house rooftop for load of 1 KW, 2 KW or 3 KW. Can someone help us in doing the feasibility and approximate estimate of cost

Billy

Billy

Thanks for the informative post! Great list of steps on how to install solar panels.

Vinod Vadaria

Vinod Vadaria

Very very useful information for installation of solar panel.
Sir, I want to know costing of 1000KW solar system with all the materials and labour
charges,without battery, install on ground base.

vishwas shinde

vishwas shinde

3 kva

vijay surjose

vijay surjose

i want 1kw off grid soler inverter with battery plz reply

Suresh J

Suresh J

Sir, i need solar system inverter battery, for 1050 inverter 100 w battery

Leave a comment

ഏറ്റവും കൂടുതൽ വിറ്റഴിക്കപ്പെടുന്ന ഉൽപ്പന്നങ്ങൾ

Available near you

ജനപ്രിയ പോസ്റ്റുകൾ

  1. Buying a Solar Panel?
  2. Top 10 Solar Companies in India, 2021-22
  3. This festive season, Power Your Home with Solar Solutions in Just Rs. 7000/- EMI!
  4. Top Lithium Battery Manufacturers in World, 2021
  5. How to Buy Solar Panel on Loan?