Solar inverters can transform a DC voltage from solar panels into AC which is then used to power home appliances and some utility grids. The inverter also transfers the electricity balance into a battery or a grid. These solar inverters or PV inverters are very common as the electricity costs continue to rise. Also, the solar inverter price is not very high.
How Solar Inverter Technology is growing in India?
In 90% homeowners are using normal inverter, but they are switching on solar inverter from last 2 years. We know that Solar Industry is the growing industry in India and rooftop solar sector is the huge market. Let's know in few lines about Off Grid Solar Inverter (Inverter with Battery) & On Grid Solar Inverter (Inverter without Battery).
1. Inverter with Battery – 1kW to 10kW
An off-grid solar inverter is also known as a standalone solar inverter is an independent system. These can work even without grid/electricity and has battery backup but are more expensive compared to on-grid solar.
2. Inverter without Battery - 1kW to 50kW
An on-grid solar inverter also known as the grid-tie inverter is the one that operates with electricity from the grid. These inverters come with built-in safeguards that protect the entire solar system from any fault. The major advantages of an on-grid solar inverter are that there is no limitation of the load and we can export extra electricity to the grid. You can also avail up to a 70% subsidy on these inverters. However, these do not work in case of a power cut and has no battery backup.
The Evolution of Solar Inverter
Solar Inverters have come a long way. They began to gain some sophistication with features like optimization and monitoring, etc. The solar inverter market witnessed a major shift with the entry of microinverters by companies like Enphase. As the Solar Industry continued to mature, the focus shifted towards the Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE) from solar panels electricity generation rather than solar capital investment costs. Inverters come in various sizes and can be as large as 1 MW for utility applications.
#1. String Inverter – 2018 Beginning Year in India
A string inverter works with thousands of solar panels depending on the size of the inverters.
#2. Micro Inverter – 2019 Beginning Year in India
Each microinverter works with a single solar panel in contrast to a string inverter. Each PV module is connected directly to its own microinverter and mounted on the racking underneath. The microinverter’s AC wire harnesses are connected to form a continuous AC branch circuit that leads ultimately to the AC utility distribution center.
#3. Hybrid Inverter – 2020 Beginning Year in India
A hybrid inverter is the combination of an on-grid and off-grid solar inverter. This inverter can control the solar panel arrays for storing batteries and power grids, simultaneously. These are more versatile but more expensive than on-grid and off-grid inverters. It can easily work without a grid, store electricity to batteries as well as export the excess electricity to the grid.
Features of Hybrid Solar Inverter
#1. More Efficient - If there is a power cut or the grid becomes unstable the hybrid solar inverter automatically switches over to battery supply and continues to operate independently from the electricity grid.
#2. Portable – Due to its lightweight, a hybrid solar inverter can be easily moved from one place to another.
#3. Long Life – A hybrid solar inverter comes with a lifespan of 5 years.
#4. Compact Size – A hybrid solar inverter is available in a variety of sizes and is usually about the size of a medium fridge.
#5. Service Free Product – A hybrid solar inverter is an IoT based product and hence requires zero to very less servicing and maintenance.
#6. Display Features - These units come with a display unit/ touch screen that displays voltages, temperatures, outputs, etc.
Application of Hybrid Solar Inverter
The main application of solar inverter is to convert DC into AC. A hybrid solar inverter goes one step ahead and stores the excess power in batteries. So, they are finding increased applications in renewable energy systems where intermittency is the biggest issue. They have the ability to stabilize energy as power can be drawn when needed. They will also find more usage in developing countries having less or no access to a reliable power grid.
That location where power cut is medium, such as Faridabad, Delhi, Gurgaon, Palwal, Patna, Noida, Lucknow, Kolkata, etc.
Benefits of Hybrid Solar Inverter
It works On-Grid as well as Off-Grid Inverter. It is a stand-alone system and can work without a grid. It can store electricity and provides power backup. You can also export excess electricity to the grid.
How does Hybrid Solar Inverter work?
- Hybrid inverter with solar battery charging
- Hybrid solar inverter with mppt charge controller India
It works on all sun hours.
Can I Install Net Meter with Hybrid Solar Inverter?Yes, you can install a net meter with a hybrid solar inverter.
Can I get Subsidy on Hybrid Solar Inverter?It is optional.
Is it Compulsory to Install Battery with Hybrid Solar Inverter?Yes, it is compulsory to install a battery with a hybrid solar inverter.
What is the product range of Hybrid Solar Inverter?Hybrid solar inverters are available starting from 2kW to 20kW.
How much does Hybrid Solar Inverter Cost in India?
A hybrid solar inverter costs in between 15 – 25 per watt in India.
Top 10 Hybrid Solar Inverter Brands in India
Here is the list of Wordwide recoginzed hybrid solar inverter brands as per our research and consumer intractions. There are few brands which provide their inverter in India. So, let's have a look.
Head office in India – Delhi
Establishment - 2003
Business – Electric Vehicle and Clean Energy Company
Official website – https://www.tesla.com/
Tesla, Inc., is an American electric vehicle and clean energy company based in Palo Alto, California. Powerwall integrates with solar to harness the abundant power of the sun and reduce our reliance on fossil fuels. Store solar during the day and use it at night to self-power your home.
Head office in India – Gurgaon
Establishment - 1918
Business – Panasonic started its India solar business operations through its wholly-owned subsidiary company Anchor Electricals Pvt. Ltd. in 2007.
Official website – https://lsin.panasonic.com/solar/solar-product-panasonic-hit
Panasonic is a Japanese multinational consumer electronics company. It offers a wide range of consumer electronics, home appliances like LCD & Plasma TVs, DVD players, Home Theatre Systems, Smartphones, Cameras, Camcorders, Car Audio Systems, Air Conditioners, Washing Machines, Refrigerators, Microwave Ovens, Automatic Cookers, Vacuum Cleaners and communication and security solutions.
Head office in India – Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh
Establishment - 1947
Business – LG is a Korean electronics giant that has a large presence in the Solar energy space.
Official website – https://www.lg.com/in/business/solar-panels
The company has more than fifty years of experience in electrical technology. Like Panasonic, LG too is a leading consumer electronic goods company and offers a wide range of products like TV, washing machine, refrigerator, air purifier, mobile phones, computers, etc.
Head office in India – Gurugram, Haryana
Establishment - 1836
Business - Schneider is a leading provider of energy and automated digital solutions. The company provides a wide range of products for residential and small businesses, building and industrial automation and control, low and medium voltage products and systems, solar and energy products, etc.
Official website – https://www.se.com/in/en/
About - Schneider Electric is a European company. It is a leading PV inverter supplier in India. They are easy to install and environmentally friendly.
Head office in India – Pune
Establishment - 1945
Business – The company has 28 subsidiaries on four continents. Fronius has a wide product range of solar inverter of all shapes and sizes. The company has a limited presence in the utility segment.
Official website – https://www.fronius.com/en-in/india
The firm was established by Günter Fronius in Pettenbach, Austria 1945. Fronius International has production bases in Austria, Czech, and Ukraine. Fronius manufactures three major product lines under three divisions. It is a preferred welding equipment supplier in India with more than 25,000 machines currently operational in the country. It makes 3-phase solar inverters as well as central inverters. It has both transformer-based and transformerless solar inverters which are popular in Europe.
Head office in India – Mumbai
Establishment - 1989
Business – Enertech provides lift as well as grid-tie inverters in India. Enertech’s lift UPS India has high capacity power generation systems that are capable of running lift/elevators, 3 phase operated critical CNC machines, and many more 3 phase high power applications. Enertech is working in collaboration and has announced its association with Fronius for the past three years as a sales and service partner.
Official website – https://www.enertechups.com/
The company has been around for the past 25 years and has catered to more than 8000 customers so far. It is known for its cost-effective and reliable power solutions and also has in-house R&D facilities.
Head office in India – Noida, UP
Business – Statcon is one of the largest suppliers of solar inverters in India. The company offers a full range of solar inverters - hybrid, on-grid, and off-grid inverters.
Official website – https://www.energiaa.in/
Statcon has three decades of experience with over 25,000 completed projects and more than 100 MW solar inverter installations across the globe. Its products are available in over 20 countries on three continents.
The efficiency of solar inverters is a major factor in their purchase as well as quality and reliability. The solar inverter market will continue to see increased competition as it grows in size in India. Loom Solar is also looking at introducing this solution very soon in India.