The number of solar panels required to charge a 12-volt battery depends on several factors, including the capacity of the battery, the efficiency of the solar panels, the amount of sunlight available, and the rate at which you want to charge the battery.
To estimate the number of solar panels needed:
- Determine the battery's capacity in ampere-hours (Ah).
- Calculate the total energy needed to charge the battery (volts x ampere-hours).
- Determine the solar panel efficiency in your region, as it can vary.
- Estimate the average daily sunlight hours in your location in India.
- Calculate the number of solar panels required based on the energy generated by one panel per day and the energy needed to charge the battery.
You may need more panels to compensate for these factors and ensure reliable charging. It's always a good idea to consult with a solar professional or use specialized solar calculators for a more accurate estimate based on your specific circumstances.